farm science lab
FARM Science Lab Lessons
Choose from the following grade level appropriate lessons for the FARM Science Lab's visit to your school. Each are paired with Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) and National Agricultural Literacy Outcomes (NALOs)
Upper Elementary Lessons (Gr. 3-5)
- Resourceful Bean (Duration: 50 minutes)
Students are introduced to the scientific method as they experiment to decide if petroleum or soybean based crayons produce the brightest color with the least flakiness and best covering power. Students end the session with a crayon making demonstration where each student receives a soy-based crayon.
NGGS: 3-LS1-1, 3-5ETS1-3, 4-LS1-1, 4-ESS3-1, 5-LS1-1, 5-ESS3-1, 5-PS1-2, 5-PS1-3, 5-PS1-4
NALOs: T1.3-5 b,T1.3-5 d,T1.3-5 e, T2.3-5 a,T2.3-5 b, T3.3-5 c, T4.3-5 b,T4.3-5 c,T4.3-5 d, T5.3-5 b, T5.3-5 d, T5.3-5 e, T5.3-5 f
- Parts Per What?? (Duration: 50 minutes)
Students will identify states of matter and conditions causing change of state as observed in the water cycle. Students will also understand the role water plays in agriculture and farmers protect and conserve this valuable resource. Renewable and non-renewable resources will be discussed in a hands on experiment while understanding different forms of measurement used when discussing pollutants.
NGGS: 3-ESS3-1, 3-LS4-4, 3-5ETS1-1, 3-5ETS1-2, 5-ESS2-1, 5-ESS2-2, 5-ESS3-1
NALOs: T1.3-5 a, T1.3-5 b,T1.3-5 c, T1.3-5 d,T1.3-5 e, T2.3-5 b,T2.3-5 d, T2.3-5 e, T4.3-5 b,T4.3-5 d,T5.3-5 b, T5.3-5 d, T5.3-5 f
- Extraction of Life (Duration: 50 minutes)
Students will dive into biotechnology as they conduct and experiment to extract DNA from wheat germ. Through the process, the students will learn the basic cell parts, observe DNA, identify the role of DNA in plants as well as discover the possibilities biotechnology can provide to us today and in the future.
NGGS: 3-LS3-1, 3-LS3-2, 3-LS4-2, 3-LS4-3, 4-LS1-1, 5-PS1-1, 3-5ETS1-3
NALOs: T2.3-5 e,T3.3-5 f, T4.3-5 c,T4.3-5 d,T5.3-5 b, T5.3-5 c, T5.3-5 d, T5.3-5 e, T5.3-5 f
- Field Plastic (Duration: 50 minutes)
Two experiments enable students to better understand the concept of a by-product. One investigation examines the environmental impact of two packing foams: Styrofoam (made from petroleum) and Eco foam (made from corn). The next investigation involves students making plastic from corn and comparing it to plastic made from petroleum.
NGGS: 3-LS1-1, 4-ESS3-1, 5-ESS3-1, 5-PS1-1, 5-PS1-2, 3-5ETS1-1
NALOs: T1.3-5 b,T1.3-5 d,T1.3-5 e, T2.3-5 b,T2.3-5 c, T3.3-5 c, T4.3-5 b, T4.3-5 c,T4.3-5 d,T5.3-5 b, T5.3-5 d, T5.3-5 e, T5.3-5 f
- Spilled Milk (Duration: 50 minutes)
Students will observe the effect temperature has on reducing and controlling the growth of bacteria in milk. Students will examine through experimentation how different temperatures (hot, room temperature, cold and freezing) affect the growth of spoilage bacteria in two different types of milk. They will also discover the importance of pasteurization in keeping food safe.
NGGS: 3-LS3-2, 3-LS1-1, 3-LS4-3, 3-LS4-4, 4-PS3-2, 4-PS3-3, 5-ESS3-1, 5-PS1-2, 5-PS1-4, 5-PS3-1, 5-LS2-1, 3-5ETS1-1
NALOs: T1.3-5 b, T1.3-5 d, T1.3-5 e, T2.3-5 b, T2.3-5 c, T3.3-5 c, T4.3-5 b, T4.3-5 c, T4.3-5 d, T5.3-5 b, T5.3-5 d, T5.3-5 e, T5.3-5 f
Lower Elementary Walk Through Lessons (Gr. K-2)
- A is for Apple (Duration: 30 minutes)
Students will use their five senses to investigate apples in this hands on lesson. Students will be identifying and modeling the parts of an apple and learn how an apples are grown. Also students will understand the different uses for apples and how they get from tree to table.
NGGS: K-ESS2-2, K-ESS3-1, K-LS1-1, 1-LS3-1, 1-LS1-2, 2-LS2-1, 2-LS4-1, 2-PS1-1
NALOs: T1.K-2 a,T1.K-2 b,T1.K-2 c, T1.K-2 d,T2.K-2 a, T2.K-2 c, T2.K-2 e, T3.K-2 a,T3.K-2 b,T3.K-2 c, T4.K-2 a, T4.K-2 b, T5.K-2 a, T5.K-2 b, T5.K-2 c, T5.K-2 d, T5.K-2 e, T5.K-2 f
- Window Garden (Duration: 30 minutes)
Students learn that seeds are vital to our survival! Without seeds, the plants that provide food, fuel, oxygen and many other essential products would not exist. Students will investigate and observe how a seed sprouts and the conditions necessary for this germination process to happen.
NGGS: K-LS1-1, 1-LS1-1, 1-LS1-2, 1-LS3-1, 1-PS4-3, 2-LS2-1, 2-LS2-2, 2-LS4-1
NALOs: T1.K-2 a,T1.K-2 b,T1.K-2 c, T1.K-2 d,T2.K-2 a, T2.K-2 c, T2.K-2 d, T2.K-2 e, T3.K-2 a,T3.K-2 b,T3.K-2 c, T4.K-2 a, T4.K-2 b, T5.K-2 a, T5.K-2 b, T5.K-2 c, T5.K-2 d, T5.K-2 e, T5.K-2 f
- Build – A – Farm (Duration: 30 minutes)
An engaging conversation and hands on activity leads students to decide what makes up a real farm. Students will use visual representation of a web to explore the role agriculture in their daily lives and how most of the necessities of life can be traced back to the farm. Students then will create a farm in a bag that they will wear around their neck using items that represent components of the farm.
NGGS: K-ESS3-1, K-ESS3-3, K-PS3-2, 1-LS3-1, 2-LS4-1, 2-PS1-1, 2-PS1-2
NALOs: T1.K-2 a,T1.K-2 b,T1.K-2 c, T2.K-2 a, T2.K-2 b, T2.K-2 c, T2.K-2 e, T2.K-2 f, T3.K-2 b,T4.K-2 a, T4.K-2 b, T5.K-2 a, T5.K-2 b, T5.K-2 c, T5.K-2 d, T5.K-2 e, T5.K-2 f